At Green Ridge Restorations, we have a large stock of antique and vintage candy scales to restore. We used that as inspiration for this post, where we’ll take a walk down the sugary-delicious memory lane to explore the history of American’s love affair with candy.
The most common scales we restore are by Toledo and Dayton. Back in the day, these were used in grocery stores and candy shops for weighing small purchases. Today, these make excellent conversation pieces in retro-themed shops eateries as well as statement pieces in kitchens.
Way Back in the 1800s…
With the Industrial Revolution in full swing, America saw major growth and the introduction of many of the candies we know and love even today.
Those yummy little Halloween morsels we know and love – candy corn – were introduced circa 1880 by Wunderle Candy Company.
William Wrigley, Jr. brought us – you guessed it – Juicy Fruit Wrigley’s Gum in 1893.
And did you know how Tootsie Rolls got their cute moniker? From the daughter of Leo Hirshfield, nicknamed “Tootsie.”
Back in 1893, the now-infamous Milton Hershey has chocolate manufacturing equipment shipped from Germany to his PA factory.
You can thank Richard Cadbury for the all-American tradition of chocolates for Valentine’s Day. In 1868, he made the first V-Day box of chocolates.
The Early 1900s
Remember Milton Hershey? By around 1900, he rolled out an early variation of what we now know as the Hershey’s Milk Chocolate Bar.
Oh, and those too-cute chocolate candy kisses everyone loves? By 1906, candy lovers were unwrapping silver foil to reveal Silvertops – which would later be known as Hershey’s Milk Chocolate Kisses.
1911 was a big year for Ethel and Frank Mars, who opened their company in Washington. Mars, Inc. would go on to become one of the most successful candy companies around.
Ever wonder when Life Savers got their name? In 1912, the name was coined since they resembled little life preservers. The first flavor was peppermint.
Our resident favorite, Reese’s Peanut Butter Cups, first came onto the scene around 1922, when H.B. Reese coated peanut butter with Hershey’s Chocolate.
A year later, in 1923, Milky Way Candy Bars were released.
The beloved Snickers Bar came out around 1930 and got its name from the Mars family horse.
Candy connoisseurs may remember Valomilk Dips, which were born thanks to a “lucky accident involving marshmallow” at the then-Sifer’s Candy Company.
Bazooka Bubble Gum started delighting kids and adults alike from 1947 all the way to 2012.
1949 was a whopper of a year – that’s when the delectable choco covered malted milk ball Giants officially became “Whoppers.”
Post WWII 1950s America saw a time of rapid growth and innovation in many areas…
Those ubiquitous little Easter chicks, Marshmallow Peeps, were officially born in 1954.
Who doesn’t remember candy necklaces? Those came out in 1958 and continue to be a classic candy fav.
By 1960, Starburst Fruit Chews were introduced by M&M Mars.
Ever wonder when Hershey started selling their legendary Kisses in colored foil wrappers? 1962.
For the tidy sum of $23 mil, The Hershey’s Chocolate Co. acquired the H.B. Reese Co. in 1963 – and the rest is history, as they say.
Also in ’63, luscious Cadbury Crème Eggs started tempting people everywhere with their creamy goodness.
Are you old enough to remember the original Razzles? Those sweet delights with the famous “First it’s a candy, then it’s a gum!” tagline hit the candy scene in 1966.
The 1970s through Today
The 1970s were a big decade for candy, beginning right in 1970, when production on Reese’s Peanut Butter Cups was doubled to keep up with demand.
Hershey would become the first candy company to provide nutritional information on its candy wrappers in 1973.
That same year, Hershey opened first candy-related theme park.
By 1976, Jelly Belly – chewy, individually-flavored jelly beans – provided a colorful pop of flavor.
Building on the success of Reese Peanut Butter Cups, Reese’s Pieces were rolled out in 1978.
The decade went out with a crunch, when in 1979, the Twix Bar was introduced.
M&Ms went on a ride to outer space courtesy of Nasa in 1981 in the Space Shuttle Columbia.
If you’re a millennial, you’re sure to recall Gummi bears (1980), Skittle’s (1981), and Sour Patch Kids (1985)!
Before Herman Goelitz Co. offered up USA-made gummi bears and worms, they’d been imported to Europe up till that point.
1989 was a year of decadent goodness, when Hershey offered up the Symphony Bar that was filled with crunchy almonds, toffee, and creamy milk chocolate.
1991 saw more savory goodness with Reese’s Peanut Butter Cups, which now had 3x the amount of peanuts.
Dove Dark and Dove Milk Chocolate Bars came out back in 1992.
A year later, Miniature Hershey’s Kisses and white chocolate kisses, dubbed “Hugs”, came out in 1993.
Dulce de Leche Caramel M&Ms were introduced in 2002, but they didn’t last long before being discontinued.
Intended as a limited edition candy, Hershey’s Kisses Special Dark have been delighting candy lovers since 2003.
Reese’s Crispy Crunchy Bar, with all its crunchy-chocolaty goodness, was released in 2006.
2010 saw the introduction of Hershey’s Take 5, and this chocolaty temptation also had a hint of saltiness, too.
So, now that you know more about America’s love affair with candy, get on out there and grab a bite of your favorite treat!
Part of the 400 Series of John Deere lawn and garden tractors, the 420 came onto the scene in 1983. It replaced the earlier John Deere 400 and like its predecessor, was a sales success. With a 20HP Onan 2-cylinder gas engine and 2WD hydrostatic Sundstrand 90 transmission, the John Deere 420 remains a popular tractor, with many loyal owners claiming it’s one of the top garden tractors ever built (sorry, 318 enthusiasts!).
Hydraulic lift mower decks were available in 50” and 60” widths. Some attachments offered for the 420 included a 54” blade, 48” tiller, a 46”2-stage hydraulic lift snow blower, and even a 50” or 60” rear grooming mower. Best of all, the 420 could accommodate the John Deere Model 44 loader such as the setup shown here.
Early in production, John Deere used the Onan B48G engine, which was later replaced by Onan’s P220G engine during the 1987 model year beginning with the serial number 420001.
Other Models Like the 420
Prior to the release of the 420, the 400 was king on many a lawn. But the introduction of the 420 meant a smoother, quieter ride marked by a transition to the then-new Onan engine and of course, hydrostatic power steering. The following year, in 1984, the beefy diesel 430 came out.
Later on in the history of John Deere lawn and garden tractors, the 425 would be released in the early 1990s, and many owners enjoyed the step up to optional four-wheel steering.
Fun fact: The 420 boasted annunciator lights that were built into the dash panel. It also offered a reserve gas tank which could allow about 15-30 extra minutes of operating time.
John Deere 420 Parts
As always, if you’re searching for parts for your 420, our two main recommendations are the original manufacturer, John Deere, as well as Onan Parts for engine-related parts.
Contact your area farm and garden store or tractor dealer, where they may be able to help you find the parts you need. Alternatively, try searching on eBay or even Craigslist, where the available inventory is frequently changing.
If you need a replacement manual for your 420, search online to see what you can find – you may be able to locate manuals on the web for free. If you can’t find what you’re looking for, you can always try one of the resources listed above.
To read more in-depth info on the John Deere 420 – or any other John Deere model – we highly recommend TractorData.com and the Weekend Freedom Machines Forum.
Time Rewind: 1983
After mowing lawns, with their John Deeres tucked in the garage, their owners relaxed by watching popular tv shows like The A-Team. That fast-paced television series coined the ever-popular phrase, “I love it when a plan comes together.”
If nothing looked interesting on tv, movie theaters were showing huge box office draws like Return of the Jedi, Trading Places, Octopussy and Sudden Impact. Sports fans watched as the New York Islanders won the Stanley Cup and the Washington Redskins defeated the Miami Dolphins 27-17 in Super Bowl IVII.
For those who love trivia tidbits, world heavyweight boxer Jack Jempsey passed away in 1983, as did TV journalist Frank Reynolds. And founding member and drummer of The Beach Boys, Dennis Wilson – after being homeless a month before his death – drowned at Marina Del Rey.
And as Walter Cronkite said at the close of every news broadcast: “And that’s the way it is.”
If the 316 was the “little brother” to the 318, the 332 can be considered its half brother. Think of it as the diesel version of the gas-powered 318. With a 16HP Yanmar 3-cylinder liquid-cooled diesel engine, the 332 succeeded another diesel model, the 330.
John Deere 332 Specs
Though it shared the same engine with the older model 330, the 332 rolled out with additional features many owners appreciated, including hydrostatic power steering and dual hydraulics. John Deere produced the 332 at its Horicon, WI plant beginning around 1987 and ceasing production in 1992.
Owners could choose between three hydraulic lift mower decks with cutting widths as follows: 38” (2-blade), 46” (3-blade), or a 50” (also 3-blade). A 54” front-mounted blade with hydraulic lift was also available, as were two snow blowers: a 46” single-stage and a 47” dual-stage, both hydraulic lift.
In our experience restoring John Deere lawn and garden tractors, we don’t come across the 332’s nearly as often as other models like the 318, since fewer people owned them. Like the 318, the 332’s are well-built, solid lawn tractors that live up to the John Deere legacy of quality.
Finding Parts for the JD 332
If you’re trying to source parts for your Deere 332, we recommend the original manufacturer, John Deere. If you’re in search of a hard-to-find part or just trying to be cost-conscious, try searching on eBay or even Craigslist, where the inventory is always-changing.
If you need a replacement manual for your 332, search online to see what you can find – sometimes manuals pop up in Google search results for free. Often you can download a PDF, or at least reference the manual online.
To read more in-depth info on the John Deere 332 – or any other John Deere model – we highly recommend TractorData.com and the Weekend Freedom Machines Forum.
Flashback to 1992
The last John Deere 332 rolled off the assembly line in 1992 – already a quarter century ago. That year, the Washington Redskins were the Superbowl champions, the Pittsburgh Penguins took home the Stanley Cup, and the Chicago Bulls were the NBA champs.
On the fashion scene, Kate Moss was well on her way to becoming the “anti-supermodel” of the 1990s, rocking a “heroin chic” waif-like look that was in stark contrast to the more curvaceous models of the day like Cindy Crawford and Naomi Campbell.
Long before he starred in blockbuster hits like “The Perfect Storm” and “The Italian Job”, Mark “Marky Mark” Walhberg was stripping down to his Calvins and stealing the hearts of women everywhere. Time Magazine’s Man of the Year, however, was none other than now-former US President Bill Clinton.
And finally, Jack Nicholson made this one of the most famous lines in movie history when he starred in “A Few Good Men”…
“You can’t handle the truth!”
In a previous post, we covered perhaps one of the most popular vintage John Deere lawn tractor models – the 318. Here, we’ll go over the John Deere 316, sometimes referred to as the “little brother” to the 318.
Thought it may not be nearly as popular as the 318, if you’re looking for a solid tractor without any bells and whistles, the 316 is ready for duty.
John Deere 316 Specs
Manufactured between 1984 and 1992, what made the 316 notably different from the 318 was that it had no power steering. If you’re used to the smooth steering of a higher end or later model lawn and garden tractor, the 316 can take some getting used to.
The 316 had two different engines: a 16HP B43E Onan 2-cyl gas and an 18HP P218 Onan 2-cyl gas. Unlike its big brother the 318, the 316 had a single hydraulics spool. B43E Onan’s were used until 1987; P218G Onan’s were used from 1987 through the end of production.
Mower decks for the 316 came in 38”, 46”, and 50” widths. All were hydraulic lift; the 38” deck had two blades, while the 46” and 50” decks had three blades. The transmission was a 2WD hydrostatic Sundstrand 90.
Some people may also remember a 316 manufactured in 1978 only – this model featured a 16HP Kohler 1-cylinder gas engine, 2WD hydrostatic transmission, and 38” or 46” mower deck options. This machine is definitely old school – even in comparison to the 1984-1992 316’s that were produced later on. Yet, they’re definitely a nice solid heavy duty machine, and many are still in service today.
Similar Models to the JD 316
As previously mentioned, the 318 was a noticeable “step up” from the 316, with power steering that made all the difference for many owners. Still, for others who just needed a basic, reliable (and well-built) lawn and garden tractor, the 316 has served them well.
Fun fact: In 1984, the same year that the 316 was introduced, the always-growing John Deere acquired Farm Plan Corporation, which was an agribusiness financier at the time.
Finding Parts for the John Deere 316
Need parts for your 316? Our two top recommendations are the original manufacturer, John Deere, as well as Onan Parts for engine-related parts.
Your local farm and garden store or tractor dealer may also be able to help you locate the parts you need. Or try searching on eBay, where the inventory and offerings are constantly changing.
If you need a replacement manual for your 316, do some online sleuthing – it isn’t uncommon to find manuals online for free. If you aren’t able to find what you’re looking for, you can always try one of the resources listed above.
To learn even more about the JD 316 – or any other John Deere model – we highly recommend TractorData.com and the Weekend Freedom Machines Forum.
Flashback to 1978
Are you old enough to remember what was happening in 1978, during the single year the original 316 was produced?
The minimum wage was set at $2.65 per hour… Home Depot was founded in Atlanta, Georgia.
The New York Yankees won the World Series and the Superbowl XII champs were the Dallas Cowboys.
Disco was dying out, but not before The Bee Gees topped the charts with “How Deep is Your Love,” “Stayin’ Alive,” and “Night Fever.” And who hasn’t heard Donna Summer’s MacArthur Park or the crooning love song, Three Times a Lady by the Commodores.
Could nearly 40 decades have passed by so quickly?
With summer in full swing, what a perfect time to talk all about…grass. On golf courses and in parks, outside office buildings and college campuses, dotting suburbia and glistening with morning dew along a rolling countryside hill…growing wildly or neatly clipped…the green stuff is pretty hard to escape in most parts of the US.
Commercials promise products that will banish pests from your lawn and keep it lush and green all season long. Each spring and summer, practically every big box retailer like Lowes and Home Depot has sales on grass seed and fertilizer and everything in between.
In recent years, organic products have offered a more eco-friendly alternative to lawn care. There’s even The Lawn Institute, “created in 1955 to assist in and encourage the improvement of lawns and sports turf through research and education.”
How did we come to love our lawns this much?
According to the Wikipedia, the term lawn “dates to no earlier than the 16th century.” Actually, “lawn” is not the same as “grass.” In general, a lawn is comprised of grass (or mostly grass), it is mown, and is for the benefit of people.
Some evidence even suggests that as early as the 12th century turfgrass lawns were in existence. Later on, in France and Britain, trees were removed from the grasslands that surrounded medieval castles, giving guards a better sight of visitors or potential threats.
Here’s a fun fact, courtesy of Planet Natural Research Center: Affluent landowners in 16th century France and England planted chamomile or thyme (instead of traditional grass) to create their lawns. Even today, these make a great alternative to standard grass.
Until the invention of more efficient equipment, property owners relied on livestock and scythes to keep lawns neat and trim.
Moving on to Greener Pastures
The landscape of lawn care would be forever changed with the invention of the first lawnmower by Edwin Budding in 1830. By the 1850s, the chain-driven Silens Messor (meaning silent cutter) was introduced, somewhat more costly but lighter and quieter than previous gear-driven machines.
Fast forward to 1938 and well-known manufacturer Toro came out with a power mower for homeowners. March 1955 would see the introduction of the first zero-turn, ride-on mower. In 1963, John Deere came out with the 110, which would become a successful seller.
By 2008, the EPA rolled out stringent new rules intended to cut emissions and improve the environment. A Consumer Reports article from that time explained, “The new regulations take effect in 2011 for tractors and other riding models and in 2012 for mowers. Eighty percent of Class I (walk-behind mowers) and nearly 70 percent of Class II (riding mowers) engine families from the leading manufacturers would have to be redesigned to be compliant.”
We’ve Come a Long Way
At Green Ridge Restorations, the customers who buy our restored John Deere tractors come from all walks of life. But they have at least two things in common: They love their John Deere’s – and they’re pretty devoted to keeping their lawn manicured perfectly.
Judging by this brief overview on the history of lawns and lawn mowers, we’ve surely come a long way from the days of relying on animals, scythes and sickles to keep our grass trimmed.